“For I know the plans I have for you,’ declares the Lord, ‘plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future” (Jeremiah 29:11).
Can this famously quoted verse in the Old Testament be applied directly to my life today or was it only meant for Israel? To correctly interpret this verse (or any part of the Bible for that matter), we need to address the following questions:
First, what did the text mean to the original audience? We need to discover the meaning “God intended” when the Scripture was originally written. We do not create the meaning of the text, so we need to find the meaning that is already there.
Second, what are the differences between the biblical audience and us? We are separated by differences in culture, customs, language, situation, time, and covenant. We must recognize these differences. To overlook them would cause us to grossly misinterpret the text.
Third, what is the theological principle in the text? While the specifics of the passage only apply to the particular situation of the biblical audience the theological principle is applicable to all of God’s people at all times. And this is the key to correctly interpret and apply Jeremiah 29:11. We need to figure out how to apply the theological principle in the text. We must grapple with how we should respond to that principle. How does the principle apply in real-life situations? Each of us must grasp and apply the same theological principle in slightly different ways depending on our specific life situations.
Regarding the specifics of Jeremiah 29:11, in 605 B.C. the Babylonian’s invaded Jerusalem and took the Israelites captive. Jeremiah 29 is part of a letter that the prophet Jeremiah sent to the surviving Israelites who had been taken captive by the Babylonians. God’s Word (through Jeremiah) to the exiles was to prepare for a long stay in Babylon. They were to build houses and settle down. They were also to plant gardens to sustain them during the period. Life was to go on as normal. The people were exhorted to marry and have sons and daughters. Instead of hoping for Babylon’s quick demise, they were encouraged to seek its peace and prosperity. Jeremiah even told the Israelites to pray for Babylon (Jeremiah 29:4-9).
Let’s break this down. The restoration of the exiles would happen only when God’s 70-years of judgment were completed (Jeremiah 25:11-12). Then, God would fulfill His gracious promise to restore the exiles to their land. The 70-year Exile was a part of God’s plan to give Israel “hope and a future.” The judgment prompted the exiles to seek God wholeheartedly (Daniel 9:2-3, 15-19). Once they turned back to God, He gathered them from Babylon, where they had been banished, and returned them to their land (Jeremiah 29:10-14; Deuteronomy 30:1-10).
Moving forward, Jeremiah 29:11 still has applications for us today! God knows the future, and His plans are good and full of hope. As long as God, who knows the future, provides our agenda and goes with us as we fulfill His mission, we can have boundless hope. This does not mean that we will be spared pain, suffering, or hardship, but that God will see us through to a glorious future. My friend explains this application well. She says, “When I am afraid, I often think of this verse. I believe that God’s promises are for everyone; He does know the plans He has for us. He loves us and wants us to have a future. He will not harm us. God’s love for us, whether Israelite or Gentile, goes through and through and I feel that His promises to care for His people then and now are forever.”